Permaculture is a system of agricultural and social design principles centered around simulating or directly utilizing the patterns and features observed in natural ecosystems. So, how is it different from conventional agriculture? Conventional farming is about monocropping one crop, one yield. Alternatives are more about diverse yields.
Production levels in both cases are not very different; its more time-dependent sometimes the yield is equal, sometimes higher, and sometimes slightly lower. But in Permaculture, we look at bonuses while introducing other elements like fodder, fuel, food, perennials, bee keeping, composting.