In 2017, more than 50 farmers in Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu and Telangana died while spraying pesticides in their fields. Most of them were cotton cultivators and many had used monocrotophos-based pesticides.
Monocrotophos is an organophosphate, a class of pesticide composed of organic compounds that contain phosphorus. Classified as highly hazardous by the World Health Organisation, it is banned in several countries. India restricts its use only for food crops.