In 1960s, during the period of green revolution, farmers in India were exposed to high yield variety of seeds (HYV), pesticides and fertilizers in order to maintain the food security in the country.
Although the rising demand for food was met, soil fertility was degraded to an extent that farmlands turned completely barren.
Despite that, the continuous and large usage of pesticides till date for meeting the high demand for food has led to another practice of spraying vegetables and fruits with chemicals for quick and unnatural growth.
However, people have slowly started to understand the ill effects of such fruits, vegetables and grains on the body. People are turning towards organic products.
Since the organic products market is at a nascent stage right now in India, people have a lot of questions regarding it.
To get answers to many such queries and to know more about organic farming, India Today Education went all the way to IIT-Madras for an exclusive chat with Professor Kamakoti Veezhinathan who is growing 55 variety of traditional rice in his very own organic farm in Thanjavur district of Tamil Nadu.