New Delhi, Jul 24: An area of two lakh hectare will be covered under organic farming from 2015-16 to 2017-18, the government said today. Realising the importance of organic farming in hilly, tribal and rainfed areas where usage of chemical fertilisers and pesticides is less, the government has launched dedicated schemes like Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY), Mission Organic Value Chain Development for North Eastern Region (MOVCDNER) under National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA), it said.Under PKVY scheme, the assistance is provided to the farmers for cluster formation, mobilisation of farmers, PGS certification and quality control, conversion of land to organic farming, green manuring/biological nitrogen harvest planting, establishment of vermi-compost unit and transportation of organic products, packing, labeling and branding or organic products among others.Under MOVCDNER central sector scheme, the assistance is provided for cluster development , on/off farm input production, setting up of functional infrastructure, hand holdings, organic certification throughthird party and mobilisation of farmers/ processors among others. Under the scheme, an area of 0.50 lakh hectare will be covered under organic farming in North Eastern region of the country during next three years. Indian Council of Agricultural Research is promoting organic farming through plan scheme “Network Project on Organic Farming” and is taking research to develop location specific organic farming package of practices for crops and cropping systems. At present, the project is being implemented in twenty centres covering 16 states. Organic farming package of practices for 42 crops/cropping systems have been developed to provide technical support to PKVY scheme being implemented in the country.The ICAR imparts training to educate farmers on organic farming practices.