‘Farmers spend 25% on chemical fertilizers’
Posted by Parul Pandey
TNN Mar 15, 2013
PATNA: The state farmers spend 25% of their agriculture budget on chemical fertilizers, claims Greenpeace in its report, ‘Fertilizer, fuel and food: Win-win option for Bihar’, released on Thursday.
The report also claims that the use of chemical fertilizers was not only affecting the farmers monetarily but also their health and ruining the ecology of the state. According to the study, compared to 2010-11, the price of chemical fertilizers in 2011-12 increased by 20% to 45% in the state. Greenpeace is a global organization that acts to protect and conserve the environment.
The study was conducted in February, 2012, by Reyes Tirado, a senior research scientist at the Greenpeace Research Laboratories, University of Exeter, UK, in five districts of the state, including Khagaria, Madhepura, Patna, Nalanda and Muzaffarpur, covering 17 blocks, 33 villages and 115 farmers.
Tirado told TOI, “Rich natural resources and potential for development in Bihar brought me to the state and I chose for my study the districts that produce at least two crops a year.” She, in the report, recommended the government to follow eco farming and set targets for systematically replacing chemical fertilizers as they are not only costly but also unhealthy, both for users and environment.
According to study, farmers use 35% more nitrate and 30% more NPK (nitrogen phosphors potash) than recommended.
According to Tirado, nitrate contaminated water might cause serious health diseases. Nitrate content was found in all the 65 wells of five districts where study was conducted.