From droughts & chemical fertilisers to thriving organic agriculture
In 1960’s the Green Revolution took India by surprise; the size of seeds increased, the yield per acre increased geometrically, the plants became pest resistant and shorter plants meant lesser damage by winds.
But once the sheen settled, the reality came at the forefront. States that had adopted Green Revolution were left with destructed soils, parched fields, deteriorated water-tables, dead agro-diversity and a skewed ecological balance.
The increase in farmer’s income was eroded by ever increasing costs on high yielding varieties of seeds, fertilisers, equipment and machinery.
Yesterday’s solution became today’s problem.
Then, a few years ago, the government proposed a new plan: Bringing Green Revolution to Eastern India (BGREI). This drew criticism from the environmentalists who opposed this plan. They argued that BGREI will have the same impact on Eastern India as it had on the states that had adopted the first Green Revolution.
But mere criticism would not have been enough. So to counter the plan, Greenpeace planned to develop a functional example of a village that does not use chemical fertilisers, is not dependent on HYV seeds, has a balanced ecology and a successful and balanced agriculture: The Real Green Revolution.