The Plight Of Punjab—I
An extract on the Green Revolution from Joel K. Bourne Jr’s The End of Plenty
When Norman Borlaug and M. S. Swaminathan introduced the new high-yielding varieties of wheat and rice to India, they focused their initial efforts in Punjab, a traditional wheatgrowing region on the border with Pakistan. The result was a staggering surplus of grain. In 1960-61, Punjab farmers harvested about 3 million tons of wheat and oilseeds—not even enough to feed all Punjabis. In 2004-5, they harvested more than 25 million tons of grain, virtually all of it highyielding varieties of wheat and rice—enough to feed Punjab and much of India as well.