Uttarakhand farmers resist genetically modified tide with local seeds

UPLI NAGNI, TEHRI-GARHWAL: The words ‘seed capital’ take on a whole new meaning in the hills of Uttarakhand. Far from the networks of seed corporations, farmers here still do agriculture in the traditional way where they are not only cultivators but also field scientists and seed tinkerers.
Most farmers in the Garhwal and Kumaon hills have never bought commercial seeds. They cultivate their own and share them with other farmers, who repay with their own local seeds or return double the quantity of the borrowed variety from the next crop. This system has preserved seed diversity and quality for centuries.